Pain can be caused by an accident, overuse, training error, poor biomechanics (e.g. abnormal pronation), muscle imbalance or poor flexibility.
Treatment for a calf strain may include: rest, sports massage, anti-inflammatories, stretching, strengthening, orthotics, change of footwear, strapping and activity modification.
Re-occurring calf strains are a red flag for an underlying biomechanical problem. Podiatrists are specialists in assessing and treating biomechanical problems.